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SQL SERVER占用CPU过高优化

2020-09-30 15:24:30来源: 阅读 ()

SQL优化方法:

  1、查看连接对象

SELECT * FROM sys.[sysprocesses] WHERE [spid]>50 --AND DB_NAME([dbid])='gposdb'

select client_net_address '客户端IP',local_net_address '服务器的IP',* from sys.dm_exec_connections

        当前连接对象有67个其中‘WINAME’的主机名,‘jTDS’的进程名不属于已知常用软件,找到这台主机并解决连接问题。在360流量防火墙中查看有哪个软件连接了服务器IP,除之。

2、然后使用下面语句看一下各项指标是否正常,是否有阻塞,正常情况下搜索结果应该为空。

SELECT TOP 10
[session_id],
[request_id],
[start_time] AS '开始时间',
[status] AS '状态',
[command] AS '命令',
dest.[text] AS 'sql语句', 
DB_NAME([database_id]) AS '数据库名',
[blocking_session_id] AS '正在阻塞其他会话的会话ID',
[wait_type] AS '等待资源类型',
[wait_time] AS '等待时间',
[wait_resource] AS '等待的资源',
[reads] AS '物理读次数',
[writes] AS '写次数',
[logical_reads] AS '逻辑读次数',
[row_count] AS '返回结果行数'
FROM sys.[dm_exec_requests] AS der 
CROSS APPLY 
sys.[dm_exec_sql_text](der.[sql_handle]) AS dest 
WHERE [session_id]>50 AND DB_NAME(der.[database_id])='gposdb'  
ORDER BY [cpu_time] DESC

查看是哪些SQL语句占用较大可以使用下面代码
--在SSMS里选择以文本格式显示结果 SELECT TOP 10 dest.[text] AS 'sql语句' FROM sys.[dm_exec_requests] AS der CROSS APPLY sys.[dm_exec_sql_text](der.[sql_handle]) AS dest WHERE [session_id]>50 ORDER BY [cpu_time] DESC

3、如果SQLSERVER存在要等待的资源,那么执行下面语句就会显示出会话中有多少个worker在等待

SELECT TOP 10
 [session_id],
 [request_id],
 [start_time] AS '开始时间',
 [status] AS '状态',
 [command] AS '命令',
 dest.[text] AS 'sql语句', 
 DB_NAME([database_id]) AS '数据库名',
 [blocking_session_id] AS '正在阻塞其他会话的会话ID',
 der.[wait_type] AS '等待资源类型',
 [wait_time] AS '等待时间',
 [wait_resource] AS '等待的资源',
 [dows].[waiting_tasks_count] AS '当前正在进行等待的任务数',
 [reads] AS '物理读次数',
 [writes] AS '写次数',
 [logical_reads] AS '逻辑读次数',
 [row_count] AS '返回结果行数'
 FROM sys.[dm_exec_requests] AS der 
 INNER JOIN [sys].[dm_os_wait_stats] AS dows 
 ON der.[wait_type]=[dows].[wait_type]
 CROSS APPLY 
 sys.[dm_exec_sql_text](der.[sql_handle]) AS dest 
 WHERE [session_id]>50  
 ORDER BY [cpu_time] DESC
4、查询CPU占用最高的SQL语句
SELECT TOP 10 total_worker_time/execution_count AS avg_cpu_cost, plan_handle, execution_count, (SELECT SUBSTRING(text, statement_start_offset/2 + 1, (CASE WHEN statement_end_offset = -1 THEN LEN(CONVERT(nvarchar(max), text)) * 2 ELSE statement_end_offset END - statement_start_offset)/2) FROM sys.dm_exec_sql_text(sql_handle)) AS query_text FROM sys.dm_exec_query_stats ORDER BY [avg_cpu_cost] DESC 5、索引缺失查询 
SELECT DatabaseName = DB_NAME(database_id) ,[Number Indexes Missing] = count(*) FROM sys.dm_db_missing_index_details GROUP BY DB_NAME(database_id) ORDER BY 2 DESC; SELECT TOP 10 [Total Cost] = ROUND(avg_total_user_cost * avg_user_impact * (user_seeks + user_scans),0) , avg_user_impact , TableName = statement , [EqualityUsage] = equality_columns , [InequalityUsage] = inequality_columns , [Include Cloumns] = included_columns FROM sys.dm_db_missing_index_groups g INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_group_stats s ON s.group_handle = g.index_group_handle INNER JOIN sys.dm_db_missing_index_details d ON d.index_handle = g.index_handle ORDER BY [Total Cost] DESC;

标签:sqlserver,cpu占用过高

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