Ubuntu 16.04安装编译FFmpeg
2017-10-20 08:38:29   来源:   评论:0 点击:

在Ubuntu 16.04环境下安装编译FFmpeg过程步骤。

1. 安装依赖
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get -y install autoconf automake build-essential libass-dev libfreetype6-dev libsdl1.2-dev libtheora-dev libtool libva-dev libvdpau-dev libvorbis-dev libxcb1-dev libxcb-shm0-dev libxcb-xfixes0-dev pkg-config texinfo zlib1g-dev
mkdir ~/ffmpeg_sources  //根目录下创建文件夹

2. Compilation & Installation

Yasm
sudo apt-get install yasm

libx264
sudo apt-get install libx264-dev

libx265
sudo apt-get install cmake mercurial
cd ~/ffmpeg_sources
hg clone https://bitbucket.org/multicoreware/x265
cd ~/ffmpeg_sources/x265/build/linux
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" cmake -G "Unix Makefiles" -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" -DENABLE_SHARED:bool=off ../../source
make
make install
make distclean

libfdk-aac
cd ~/ffmpeg_sources
wget -O fdk-aac.tar.gz https://github.com/mstorsjo/fdk-aac/tarball/master
tar xzvf fdk-aac.tar.gz
cd mstorsjo-fdk-aac*
autoreconf -fiv
./configure --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" --disable-shared
make
make install
make distclean

libmp3lame
sudo apt-get install libmp3lame-dev

libopus
sudo apt-get install libopus-dev

libvpx
cd ~/ffmpeg_sources
wget http://storage.googleapis.com/downloads.webmproject.org/releases/webm/libvpx-1.5.0.tar.bz2
tar xjvf libvpx-1.5.0.tar.bz2
cd libvpx-1.5.0
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" ./configure --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" --disable-examples --disable-unit-tests
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" make
make install
make clean

avdevice
sudo apt-get install libavdevice-dev

ffmpeg

cd ~/ffmpeg_sources
wget http://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-snapshot.tar.bz2
tar xjvf ffmpeg-snapshot.tar.bz2
cd ffmpeg
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$HOME/ffmpeg_build/lib/pkgconfig"
./configure --prefix=”$HOME/ffmpeg_build” --pkg-config-flags="--static"  --extra-cflags="-I$HOME/ffmpeg_build/include"  --extra-ldflags="-L$HOME/ffmpeg_build/lib"  --bindir="$HOME/bin"  --enable-gpl  --enable-libass  --enable-libfdk-aac  --enable-libfreetype  --enable-libmp3lame  --enable-libopus  --enable-libtheora  --enable-libvorbis  --enable-libvpx  --enable-libx264  --enable-libx265  --enable-nonfreePATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" makemake installmake distcleanhash -r

到这里ffmpeg就编译安装结束了,编译过的ffmpeg在~/bin 目录下

Usage
两种方法使用ffmpeg

进入~/bin文件夹,然后调用binary文件: cd ~/bin && ./ffmpeg -i ~/input.mp4 ~/videos/output.mkv
使用绝对路径:/home/yourusername/bin/ffmpeg -i ../input.mp4 ../videos/output.mkv
如果想要ffmpeg在所有地方都能直接调用,需要先注销,然后登陆。 
或者执行source ~/.profile

Documentation
如果想要用man ffmpeg命令看文档,执行下面命令

echo "MANPATH_MAP $HOME/bin $HOME/ffmpeg_build/share/man" >> ~/.manpath

注销,然后登陆即可。

更新FFmpeg
rm -rf ~/ffmpeg_build ~/ffmpeg_sources ~/bin/{ffmpeg,ffprobe,ffplay,ffserver,vsyasm,x264,x265,yasm,ytasm}

然后从头开始再来一次

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